Lamproie – Lamprey. The Lamprey in French Delicacies.

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from
Behind the French Menu
by
Bryan G. Newman

behindthefrenchmenu@gmail.com

 


A member of the lamprey household.
Photograph courtesy of AANA, Agence de l’Alimentation Nouvelle
Aquitaine

Lamproie de Rivière Européene, the River Lamprey and the Lamproie Marine or Lamproie de
Mer,
the Sea Lamprey
  – 
The French identify lamproie, like lamprey in English, covers all members of the
lamprey household and there are fairly quite a few members.  Nonetheless, in France, one of many two famous above will probably be in your menu. The lamprey is a wierd and jawless animal, neither
a real fish nor an eel. Lampreys are a novel and separate household of
freshwater and seawater animals.


Lamproie au Citron et au Lard
Lamprey with lemon and bacon
Photograph and recipe courtesy of Marie Claire Cuisine et Vins

Lamproie à la Bordelaise – Lamprey ready within the method of Bordeaux;
that is essentially the most well-known of all French lamprey recipes, and its origins return
to the center ages. The lamprey is cooked with leeks, ham, onions, a crimson
Bordeaux wine, and a number of the lamprey’s personal blood. Lampreys have been and are
thought-about a delicacy and relying on the world the place this dish is served
Cognac or Armagnac will probably be added for taste. It is a recipe that takes tons
of preparation, and as so it’s fairly an costly dish.


Lamproie à la Bordelaise
The lamprey used on this dish is the Lamproie de Rivière Européene additionally
referred to as the Lamproie Fluviatile, Lamprillon or Flûte.
Photograph courtesy of AANA, Agence de l’Alimentation Nouvelle
Aquitaine

Lamproie à la Nantaise  – Lamprey within the method of
town of
Nantes. River Lamprey with crimson wine, button mushrooms and prunes. Nantes is the prefecture, the capital, of
the division of Loire-Atlantique and the
region of the Pays de Loire. It’s constructed
on each banks of the River Loire and whereas it’s a massive metropolis it’s usually
voted one of the best metropolis in France to stay and work in.


Lamproie à la Nantaise
Photograph and recipe courtesy of Cuisine Actuelle.

Lamproie au Vin
Blanc
– This dish highlights lamprey and the Vouvray
white wine made with Chenin Blanc grapes that develop alongside the banks of the Loire
River. Additionally within the recipe will probably be Armagnac,
Bayonne ham, Lardons, and a contact of the Piment d’Espelette pepper.


Lamproie au Vin Blanc
Lamprey with white wine
Photograph
and recipe courtesy of Femme Actuelle
 

The European river lamprey is usually caught
after they attain 35 cm (14“)  lengthy.  They’re discovered alongside the Atlantic coasts of
Europe, together with the UK and Eire, in addition to the French and Italian
Mediterranean coasts. The ocean lamprey is bigger, reaching 60cm (28“) or extra.

Sea Lampreys are caught after they return to the rivers to spawn.


The European River Lamprey
Photograph courtesy of the Guardian and Handout

Fête
de la Lamproie
The Lamprey Fete in Saint-Terre.

There’s an
annual lamprey competition held within the village of  
Sainte-Terre near the Dordogne River. The Fete is held yearly, normally on the
third weekend in April and arranged by the
Confrérie de la Lamproie, Saint-Terre, the
Brotherhood of the Lamprey in Sainte-Terre. 
 Throughout the fete, there are cookery
workshops, a flea market, funfair, and sports activities, with a dinner dance on the Saturday
night and Sunday midday.


Confrérie de la Lamproie, Saint-Terre,
Members of the Brotherhood of the Lamprey
in Sainte-Terre.
Photograph courtesy of the Sudouest

Sainte-Terre
is near town of Libourne the business hub of Bordeaux’s Proper Financial institution
wine area.  The Libournais wine area consists of
the appellations of Pomerol and Saint Émilion.

Lamprey traditions within the UK

In response to an article in The Guardian, it
was conventional for Gloucester to ship a Christmas lamprey pie to the British
monarch till 1836 when the observe was discontinued, aside from coronations
and jubilees. In 2012 a pie was despatched to Queen Elizabeth II to mark her Diamond
Jubilee however numbers of UK lampreys have been so low that they needed to be imported
from the Nice Lakes of North America. Now, it appears the river air pollution within the
UK has decreased and the river lamprey is returning in massive numbers.

Consuming too many lampreys may be dangerous to your
digestion. King Henry I of England, (c. 1068 – 1135), the fourth son
of William the Conqueror. Henry died in Normandy, in keeping with legend, from a surfeit of
lampreys. 

The lamprey
within the languages of France’s 
neighbors:

The European
River Lamprey –  Lamproie de Tivière Européene
or Lamproie Fluviatile:

(Catalan –
llampresa de riu), (Dutch – amproye),(German – lamprete, lamprida), 
(Italian – lampreda di fiume), (Spanish 
– 
lamprea de río), (Latin – lampetra fluviatilis).

The Sea Lamprey or Nice sea lamprey – La Lamproie
Marine or Lamproie de mer:

(Catalan –llampresa de mar), (Dutch -Zeeprik), (German
– grosse lamprete, seelamprete), (Italian – lampreda di mare),
(Spanish   –   lamprea de mar), (Latiin – petromyzon marinus).

——————

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————-

Behind the French Menu
by
Bryan G. Newman

 

behindthefrenchmenu@gmail.com

 

Copyright 2010, 2016, 2021


——————–

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Bordeaux and Bordelaise on the Menu, and Bordeaux AOC Wines on the
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Confréries – The Brother and Sisterhoods that Promote and Defend
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Oignon or Ognon – An Onion. Onions on French menus. France’s most
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Piment d’Espelette – The Pepper from Espelette in the Basque
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Poireaux – Leeks. The Leek in French Cuisine.
 
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